1908 Henry Ford’s Model T was first sold.
1918 Arab forces led by Lawrence of Arabia (T. E. Lawrence) captured Damascus.
1921 Lisbeth Holz Roessler was born in Cincinnati.
1963 Mark McGuire was born in Pomona, California.
1869 Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi was born in India.
1890 Groucho Marx was born in New York City.
1959 The Twilight Zone premiered on television.
1968 California’s Redwood National Park was established.
2015 15th Hardly Strictly Bluegrass Festival, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco.
October 3 -
1925 Gore Vidal was born in West Point, New York.
1957 California Superior Court ruled that Allen Ginsberg’s Howl and Other Poems was not obscene.
1957 Dawn of Space Age as USSR launched Sputnik, the first man-
1957 Leave It To Beaver premiered on CBS.
1923 American peace activist Philip Berrigan was born in Two Harbors, Minnesota.
1923 British actress Glynis Johns was born in Pretoria, South Africa.
1936 Vaclav Havel was born in Prague.
1978 Kathryn Blum was born.
1986 Israeli secret nuclear weapons revealed in British newspaper The Sunday Times.
1927 Sportscaster Bill King was born in Bloomington, Illinois.
1928 Chiang Kai-
1849 Edgar Allan Poe died at age 40 in Baltimore.
1916 Georgia Tech defeats Cumberland University 222-
1955 Six Gallery poetry reading, San Francisco.
2001 The United States of America and Great Britain began bombing Afghanistan.
1860 The first telegraph line between Los Angeles and San Francisco was established.
1946 53rd Mayor of Cleveland and long-
2001 Tom Ridge became the first United States Secretary of Homeland Security.
1635 Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1708 Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.
1776 Father Francisco Palóu founded Mission San Francisco de Asis in what is now San Francisco.
1940 John Lennon was born in Liverpool, England.
1960 D. A. Wilson was born in Walnut Creek, California.
1975 Sean Lennon was born in New York City.
1981 Capital punishment abolished in France.
1813 Giuseppe Verdi was born in Le Roncole, Italy.
1985 Orson Welles died in Los Angeles at age 70.
1961 Leonard “Chico” Marx died in Hollywood, California at age 74.
1963 Poet Jean Cocteau died in Milly-
1963 Singer and songwriter Édith Piaf Piaf died in Plascassier, France at age 47.
1492 After a 33-
1810 First Oktoberfest -
1875 Aleister Crowley was born in Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England.
1979 The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams was published.
1994 NASA lost radio contact with Magellan spacecraft as the probe descended into the thick atmosphere of Venus.
1884 Greenwich, London, England was established as the Universal Time meridian of longitude.
1066 In the Battle of Hastings, King Harold II, last Saxton king of England, was defeated and killed by William of Normandy’s troops.
1582 Due to implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day did not exist in the year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1933 Nazi Germany withdrew from the League of Nations.
1947 U.S. Air Force Captain Chuck Yeager became the first man to break the sound barrier.
1928 Airship Graf Zeppelin completes its first trans-
1953 Christina Johns Wilson was born in Idaho.
1956 Fortran, the first modern computer language, was initially shared by computer coders.
1966 Black Panther Party founded by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale.
1854 Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin, Ireland.
1859 Fanatical abolitionist John Brown and about 20 followers seized the Federal Arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.
1941 Simon Ward was born in Beckenham, England.
1947 Bob Weir of the Grateful Dead was born in San Francisco.
1091 A tornado landed in the heart of London.
1989 7.1 scale Loma Prieta earthquake hit the San Francisco Bay Area at 5:04 PM Pacific time.
2002 Derek Bell, Northern Irish harpist of The Chieftains, died in Phoenix.
1851 Herman Melville's Moby Dick published as The Whale by R. Bentley of London.
1973 Cartoonist Walt Kelly died in Woodland Hills, California at age 60.
1386 Universität Heidelburg, the oldest German university, held its first lecture.
1936 Psychic Sylvia Browne was born in Kansas City, Missouri.
1960 The U.S. embargo on Cuba began as the State Department prohibited shipment of all goods except medicine and food.
1987 Black Monday on Wall Street, Dow Jones Average fell 508 points -
1854 Poet Arthur Rimbaud was born in Charleville, France.
1977 Lynyrd Skynyrd band’s plane crashed.
1991 Oakland Hills firestorm.
1772 Poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born in England.
1952 Brent Mydland was born in Munich.
2003 Images of dwarf planet Eris were taken and subsequently used to document its discovery by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz.
2012 Alan Farley died at age 76.
2012 George McGovern died.
1920 Timothy Leary was born in Springfield, Massachusetts.
1922 In Italy, Fascist blackshirts began their “March on Rome” from Naples.
1926 J. Gordon Whitehead sucker punched Harry Houdini; Houdini’s death ensued nine days later.
1972 Brian Cox, DJ and artist, was born.
2012 Russell Means died in Porcupine, South Dakota at age 72.
1844 Poet Robert Bridges was born in Walmer, England.
1958 First appearance of The Smurfs in the weekly comics magazine Spirou.
1861 First transcontinental telegram in America sent from San Francisco to Washington, D.C.
2008 “Bloody Friday” world stock exchanges crashed about 10% in most indices.
1881 Pablo Picasso was born in Málaga, Spain.
1944 Romanian Army liberated Carei, last Romanian city under Axis occupation.
1983 Island of Grenada invaded by the U.S.
1991 Bill Graham, Melissa Gold, and Steve Kahn died in a helicopter crash near Vallejo, California.
2002 U.S. Senator Paul Wellstone died in Eveleth, Minnesota at age 58.
1861 The Pony Express officially ceased operations.
1787 First of 85 Federalist Papers appeared in print in a New York City newspaper.
1870 Siege of Metz concluded with decisive Prussian victory during the Franco-
1904 The New York City Subway began operating, world’s first underground and underwater rail system.
1914 Dylan Thomas was born in Swansea, Wales.
1975 American Author Rex Stout died in Danbury, Connecticut at age 88.
2013 Lou Reed died in Long Island, New York at age 71.
1919 Alcohol Prohibition began in the U.S.
1998 English poet Ted Hughes died in London at age 68.
2012 San Francisco Giants won Major League Baseball’s World Series, defeating Detroit Tigers 4 games to 0.
1618 Sir Walter Raleigh was executed for treason on order of King James I.
1929 Wall Street stock market crashed. The Great Depression followed.
1942 Robert Norman “Bob” Ross, American painter, art instructor, and television host, was born in Daytona Beach, Florida.
1971 Musician Duane Allman died.
1995 Author Terry Southern died.
1997 Anton Szandor LaVey, carny, occulist and Church of Satan founder, died.
1922 Benito Mussolini was installed as the Prime Minister of Italy.
1938 A radio broadcast by Orson Welles and the Mercury Players of H. G. Wells’ The War of the Worlds panicked millions of Americans.
1987 Mythologist Joseph Campbell died in Honolulu.
October 31 -
1887 Chiang Kai-
1926 Magician Harry Houdini died in Detroit, Michigan at age 52.
1984 Indira Gandhi was assassinated in New Delhi at age 66.
1992 Jerry Garcia’s last “comeback” concert in Oakland, California.
1993 Filmmaker Federico Fellini died in Rome at age 73.
1993 Actor and singer River Phoenix died in West Hollywood, California at age 23.
2008 Writer and interviewer Studs Terkel died in Chicago at age 96.