1830 Mary “Mother” Jones was born in Cork City, County Cork, Ireland.
1894 Coxey’s Army protest march arrived in Washington, D.C.
1923 Joseph Heller was born in Brooklyn, New York.
1931 New York City’s 103-
1941 Citizen Kane premiered in New York City.
1998 Eldridge Cleaver died in Pomona, California at age 62.
1611 King James Bible was published for the first time in London by printer Robert Barker.
2011 Osama bin Laden was allegedly killed by United States Special Forces in Pakistan.
1469 Niccolò Machiavelli was born in Florence, Italy.
1919 Pete Seeger was born in Patterson, New York.
1958 Tom “Longman” Geoffrey was born.
1959 Daniel Nelson James, The Founder of the Troll Empire, was born.
1886 Haymarket massacre, Chicago.
1970 Kent State massacre, Kent, Ohio.
1925 John T. Scopes was served with an arrest warrant for the teaching of evolution.
1943 Michael Palin was born.
1965 First gig played by The Warlocks at Magoo’s Pizza Parlor in Menlo Park, California.
1915 Babe Ruth hit his first major-
1915 Orson Welles was born in Kenosha, Wisconsin.
1812 Robert Browning was born in London.
1846 The Cambridge Chronicle, America’s oldest surviving weekly newspaper, was first published in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1946 Bill Kreutzmann was born in Palo Alto, California.
1992 Marlene Dietrich died at her Paris home at age 90.
1933 Mohandas Gandhi began a 21-
1970 “Hard Hat Riot” on Wall Street in New York City.
2012 Cryptographer Maurice Sendak died in Danbury, Connecticut at age 83.
1800 John Brown was born in Torrington, Connecticut.
1955 West Germany joined NATO.
1958 World premiere of Alfred Hitchcock’s film Vertigo occurred in San Francisco.
1869 The First Transcontinental Railroad was completed with the driving of the gold spike at Promontory Point, Utah.
1933 The Nazis staged massive public book burnings in Germany.
1962 The Incredible Hulk #1 published by Marvel Comics.
1994 Nelson Mandela inaugurated President of South Africa.
1888 Irving Berlin was born in Tyumen, Russia.
1927 The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was founded.
1973 Charges against Daniel Ellsberg in the Pentagon Papers case were dismissed due to government misconduct.
1907 Actress Katharine Hepburn was born in Hartford, Connecticut.
1925 Yogi Berra was born in St. Louis.
1937 Comedian George Carlin was born in New York City.
1846 U.S. Congress declared war on Mexico.
1917 Three children near Fátima, Portugal reported a vision of the Virgin Mary.
1958 Vice President Richard Nixon’s limousine was battered by rocks thrown by demonstrators in Caracas, Venezuela.
1994 Johnny Carson’s last television appearance on the Late Show with David Letterman.
2012 Donald “Duck” Dunn died in Tokyo at age 70.
1607 Jamestown was established in the Colony of Virginia.
1804 Lewis and Clark expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory left St. Louis, beginning its historic journey up the Missouri River.
1948 Establishment of the State of Israel.
1973 First U.S. space station, Skylab, launched.
1998 Frank Sinatra died in West Hollywood, California at age 82.
2013 Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency due to the terrorist activities of Boko Haram group.
1928 Walt Disney’s Mickey Mouse premiered in his first cartoon, Plane Crazy.
1936 Wavy Gravy was born in East Greenbush, New York.
1940 McDonald’s first hamburger restaurant was opened in San Bernardino, California.
1941 Joe DiMaggio began his historic major-
1948 Brian Eno was born in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England.
1912 American writer, radio host and social critic Studs Terkel was born in New York City.
2010 Great Northwest Celebration of Life for Daniel P. Wilson, Port Townsend, Washington.
1875 The first Kentucky Derby took place at Churchill Downs in Louisville.
1993 Intel’s new Pentium processor was unveiled.
2012 Donna Summer died in Naples, Florida at age 63.
1593 Playwright Thomas Kyd’s accusations of heresy lead to a warrant of arrest against playwright Christopher Marlowe.
1897 Frank Capra was born in Palermo, Sicily.
1910 The Earth passed through the tail of Halley’s Comet.
1911 Austrian composer Gustav Mahler died in Vienna.
1920 Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II) was born in Wadowice, Poland.
1948 Lee Roberts was born.
1949 Keyboard player Rick Wakeman was born in London.
1980 Mount St. Helens volcano erupted in southwestern Washington state.
1780 It was dark at noon in New England.
1846 Robert Bailey Thomas, American publisher of The Farmer’s Almanac[k] (later The Old Farmer’s Almanac), died at age 80.
1890 Ho Chi Minh was born.
1925 Malcolm X was born in Omaha, Nebraska.
1941 Nora Ephron was born in New York City.
1945 Pete Townshend was born in London.
1971 Mars 2 probe launched by Soviet Union.
325 The Council of Nicaea, the first ecumenical council of the Catholic Church was called by Constantine I.
1506 Christopher Columbus died in Valladolid, Spain.
1990 First post-
1881 The American Red Cross was founded by Clara Barton.
1930 Harvey Milk was born in Woodmere, New York.
1813 Richard Wagner was born in Leipzig, Germany.
1849 Abraham Lincoln received patent number 6,469 for his floating dry dock.
1859 Arthur Conan Doyle was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.
1907 Laurence Olivier was born in Dorking, Surrey, England.
1915 Julius Stürmer, painter and designer, was born in Caransebeș, Banat, Romania.
1972 Richard Nixon became the first U.S. President to visit Moscow.
2001 Original manuscript of Jack Kerouac’s On The Road sold at auction for a record $2.2 million.
1785 Benjamin Franklin invented bifocals.
1981 Jerry Garcia Band, Keystone Berkeley.
1995 The first version of the Java programming language was released.
1941 Robert Allen Zimmerman (Bob Dylan) was born in Duluth, Minnesota.
2001 Senator James Jeffords of Vermont quit the Republican Party and returned control of the U.S. Senate to the Democrats for the first time since 1994.
1935 Babe Ruth hit the 714th and final home run of his major league career.
1781 The first bank in the U.S., The Bank of North America, received its charter from the Continental Congress.
1877 Isadora Duncan was born in San Francisco.
1951 Sally Ride was born in Los Angeles.
2015 Gustave “Gus” Villalta, likely the last living person who worked on the Golden Gate Bridge, died in San Jose, California at age 98.
1911 Vincent Price was born in St. Louis.
1934 Harlan Ellison was born in Cleveland.
1937 The Golden Gate Bridge opened, connecting San Francisco and Marin County, California.
1892 John Muir founded the Sierra Club in San Francisco.
1961 Amnesty International founded in London.
2002 Mildred Wirt Benson, who created – as Carolyn Keene – detective Nancy Drew, died at age 96 in Toledo, Ohio.
2014 Maya Angelou died in Winston-
1453 The Fall of Constantinople.
1736 Patrick Henry was born in Studley, Virginia.
1880 Oswald Spengler was born in Germany.
1903 Bob Hope was born in London.
2012 Doc Watson died.
1908 Mel Blanc, voice specialist, was born in San Francisco.
1996 John Kahn, musician, died at age 48.
1819 American poet Walt Whitman was born in Long Island, New York.
1669 Samuel Pepys made his last diary entry.
1996 Timothy Leary, philosopher, died in Los Angeles at age 75.