1698 Thomas Savery patented the first commercially used steam engine in England.
1976 Fall of the Republic of Vietnam.
1890 Idaho admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.
1940 Helga Elizabeth Stürmer Wilson was born in Timișoara, Transylvania, Romania.
2014 Daniel Nelson James suffered a stroke at his home in Cottonwood, California.
2015 Surviving members of the Grateful Dead play final farewell concert in Chicago.
2014 The Great American Wiknic, annual wiki-
1846 The United States annexed California.
1887 Marc Chagall was born.
1405 Ming admiral Zheng He set sail on his first voyage to explore the world.
1922 The Hollywood Bowl opened.
1923 The Hollywood Sign officially dedicated.
1791 The Birmingham Riots occurred.
2014 Daniel Nelson James died in Redding, California at age 55.
1381 John Ball, leader in the Peasants’ Revolt, was hanged, drawn and quartered in the presence of King Richard II of England.
1994 Microsoft Corp. promised the U.S. Justice Dept. it would end predatory practices it used to corner the software market.
1769 Mission San Diego de Alcalá, California first mission, founded by Juniperro Serra.
1715 The Riot Act took effect in England.
2015 Daniel Patrick Wilson’s 50th birthday.
2015 Don Joyce died.
1973 Robert Anton Wilson allegedly contacted by beings from the dog star Sirius.
1965 Bob Dylan went electric at the Newport Folk Fest.
1929 The Geneva Convention was signed.
1866 Beatrix Potter was born in London.
1957 International Atomic Energy Agency established.
2005 Astronomers announced discovery of the dwarf planet Eris.
1790 The U.S. Patent Office first opened its doors.
1965 J. K. Rowling was born.
2012 Gore Vidal died.