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January 1 - NEW YEAR’S DAY

1600  Samuel Pepys began his famous diary.

1735  Paul Revere was born in Boston.

1752  Betsy Ross was born in Philadelphia.

1892  Ellis Island in New York Harbor opened.

1899  End of Spanish rule in Cuba

1919  J. D. Salinger was born in New York City.

1959  Fidel Castro seized power in Cuba.


January 2 - RUN IT UP THE FLAGPOLE AND SEE IF ANYONE SALUTES IT DAY

 366  The Alemanni crossed the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.

1900  ‘Open Door Policy’ to promote U.S.-China trade announced by John Hay.

1920  Isaac Asimov was born in Petrovichi, Russian SFSR.


January 3

1892  J. R. R. Tolkien was born in Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.

1946  “Lord Haw-Haw” (William Joyce) was hanged for treason in London.

1965  William Kenney was born.

1977  Apple Computer was incorporated.

2009  First block of the blockchain Bitcoin, called the Genesis block, was established by Satoshi Nakamoto.

2014  Phil Everly died in Burbank, California at age 74.


January 4

1334  Amadeus VI, Count of Savoy, was born.

1958  The first artificial Earth satellite, Sputnik 1, fell to Earth after 3 months in orbit.

1959  Luna 1 became the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon.

1960  Albert Camus died in Villeblevin, France at age 46.

1961  Erwin Schrödinger died in Vienna at age 73.

1965  T. S. Eliot died in London at age 76.


January 5

1925  Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming became the first female governor inaugurated in the U.S.

1933  Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge began on San Francisco Bay.

1951  Lisbeth and Walter Roessler were married.

2005  Eris, largest known dwarf planet in the Solar System, discovered (using images originally taken on October 21, 2003).


January 6 - EPIPHANY

1924  Earl Scruggs was born in Shelby, North Carolina.

1946  Syd Barrett was born in Cambridge, England.

1977  Dr. Robert Hugh Wilson died.

1994  Nancy Kerrigan was clubbed on the knee at the U.S. Figure Skating Championships in Detroit.


January 7

1854  Birthday of fictional detective Sherlock Holmes.

1894  William Kennedy Dickson received a patent for motion picture film.

1920  New York State Assembly refused to seat five duly elected Socialist assemblymen.

1927  First transatlantic telephone call was made, New York City to London.

2013  American television host Huell Howser died in Palm Springs, California at age 67.

2015  Charlie Hebdo massacre in Paris.


January 8

 871  Alfred the Great led a West Saxon army to repel an invasion by Danelaw Vikings.

1880  Joshua “Emperor” Norton died in San Francisco at age 61.

1918  Woodrow Wilson announced “Fourteen Points” for the aftermath of World War I.

1931  Rock impresario Bill Graham was born in Berlin.

1935  Elvis Presley was born in Tupelo, Mississippi.

1947  David Bowie was born in London.

1982  The breakup of AT&T.


January 9

1768  In London, Philip Astley staged the first modern circus.

1941  Folk singer Joan Baez was born on Staten Island, New York City.

2014  American poet Amiri Baraka died.


January 10

 -49   Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon.

1776  Common Sense, a 50-page pamphlet by Thomas Paine, was published.

1917  William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody died in Denver at age 70.

1937  Fritz Lang’s film Metropolis was released in Germany.

1961  Dashiell Hammett died in New York City at age 66.

2009  Coosje van Bruggen died in Los Angeles, CA at age 66.

2016  David Bowie died in Manhattan, New York City at age 69.


January 11

1904  Walter S. Roessler was born in Metz.

1906  Albert Hofmann, Discoverer of LSD-25, was born in Baden, Switzerland.

1992  Christina Johns and Daniel Wilson were married in Tilden Park, Berkeley, California.

2007  Robert Anton Wilson died in Capitola, California at age 74.

2016  William A. “Bill” Del Monte, the last survivor of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire, died in Marin County, California at age 109.


January 12

1876  Jack London was born in San Francisco.

1990  Romania outlawed the Communist Party.

2006  During the ‘Stoning of the Devil’ ritual, last day of the Hajj, Mina, Saudi Arabia, a stampede killed at least 362 pilgrims.


January 13

 888  Odo, Count of Paris, became King of the Franks.

1941  James Joyce died in Zürich at age 58.

1993  Margo Skinner Leiber died in San Francisco at age 71.


January 14

1892  Hal Roach was born in Elmira, New York.

1967  A Gathering of the Tribes for a Human Be-In occurred at the Polo Field, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco.

1973  Elvis Presley’s live Aloha from Hawaii concert was broadcast via satellite.

1977  Anaïs Nin died in Los Angeles at age 73.


January 15

1929  Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in Atlanta.

1943  The Pentagon was completed in Washington, D.C.

1967  The first Super Bowl was played in Los Angeles.

2001  Wikipedia encyclopedia went online.

2019  Carol Channing died in Rancho Mirage, California at age 97.


January 16

1412  The Medici family was appointed official banker of the Papacy.

1707  Scottish Parliament ratified the Act of Union, creation of Great Britain followed.

1991  The Allied war against Iraq began.


January 17

1706  Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston.

1773  The Resolution, sailing under Captain James Cook, became the first ship to cross the Antarctic Circle.

1873  Modoc warriors defeated the U.S. Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold.

1929  Popeye the Sailor Man first appeared in Thimble Theatre comics by Elzie Segar.

1946  First session of UN Security Council.

2012  Johnny Otis died in Los Angeles at age 90.

2019  Mary Oliver, poet, died at age 83.


January 18

1911  Eugene B. Ely landed on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania stationed in San Francisco Bay, the first aircraft landing on a ship.

1932  Robert Anton Wilson was born in Brooklyn, New York.


January 19

1809  Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston.

1853  Giuseppe Verdi’s Il trovatore debuted.

1893  Henrik Ibsen’s play The Master Builder premiered at the Lessing Theater in Berlin.

1935  Owsley Stanley was born in Kentucky.

1939  Phil Everly was born in Chicago.

1978  Last German made Volkswagen Beetle left VW’s plant in Emden.

2008  John Stewart of The Kingston Trio died.


January 20

 250  Pope Fabian was martyred in Emperor Decitus’ Christian persecutions in Rome.

1920  Film director Federico Fellini was born in Rimini, Kingdom of Italy.

1920  Actor DeForest Kelley was born in Toccoa, Georgia.

1920  American Civil Liberties Union was founded.

2012  Etta James died In Riverside, California at age 73.

2018  United States federal government shut down when the Senate failed to pass a temporary funding bill.


January 21

1525  Swiss Anabaptist Movement was founded in Zürich.

1535  French Protestants were burned at the stake in front of the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris.

1960  Thomas R. Phipps was born.

1976  The Concorde supersonic jet passenger service began.

1977  U.S. President Jimmy Carter pardoned nearly all Vietnam War draft evaders.


January 22

1506  First Swiss Guards arrived at the Vatican.

1901  Queen Victoria of England died at age 81 after reigning for 64 years.


January 23

1571  The Royal Exchange opened in London.

1910  Django Reinhardt was born in Liberchies, Belgium.

1912  International Opium Convention signed at The Hague.

1950  The Knesset resolved that Jerusalem is the capital of Israel.

1989  Salvador Dali died in Figueres, Spain at age 84.

1997  Madeleine Albright became first woman to serve as U.S. Secretary of State.

2004  Bob Keeshan (Captain Kangaroo) died in Windsor, Vermont at age 76.


January 24

   41  Roman Emperor Caligula assassinated by his own Paetorian Guards.

1848  James W. Marshall discovered a gold nugget at Sutter’s Mill in northern California, a discovery that led to the gold rush of 1849.

1862  Bucharest proclaimed capital of Romania.

1918  Gregorian calendar introduced in Russia by decree of the Council of People’s Commissars effective February 14.

1920  Amedeo Modigliani died in Paris at age 35.

1935  The first canned beer, “Krueger’s Cream Ale,” was sold by the Krueger Brewing Co. in Richmond, Virginia.

1986  Voyager 2 passed Uranus.


January 25

1759  Poet Robert Burns was born in Alloway, Scotland.

1850  Labor leader Samuel Gompers was born in London.

1919  The League of Nations was founded.

1949  The first Emmy Awards were presented.


January 26

1915  Rocky Mountain National Park was established by act of U.S. Congress.

1925  Paul Newman was born in Shaker Heights, Ohio.


January 27

1302  Dante Alighieri exiled from Florence.

1756  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria.

1832  Lewis Carroll was born in Daresbury, England.

1942  Singer-songwriter Kate Wolf was born.

2006  Western Union discontinued its Telegram and Commercial Messaging services.

2014  Pete Seeger died In New York City at age 94.


January 28

1393  King Charles VI of France was nearly killed when several dancers’ costumes caught fire during a masquerade ball.

1521  Diet of Worms began (ran until May 25).

1754  The word serendipity coined by Horace Walpole in a letter to Horace Mann.

1929  Claes Oldenburg was born in Stockholm, Sweden.

1939  William Butler Yeats died in Menton, France.

1986  U.S. Space Shuttle Challenger exploded.

1986  Harry Otto Fischer died.

1986  L. Ron Hubbard died in Creston, California at age 74.

2016  Paul Kantner died in San Francisco at age 74.


January 29

1737  Thomas Paine was born in Thetford, England.

1834  U.S. President Andrew Jackson ordered the first ever use of federal soldiers to suppress a labor dispute.

1845  The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe first published in the New York Evening Mirror.

1880  W. C. Fields, juggler, was born in Darby, Pennsylvania.

1888  Poet and illustrator Edward Lear died in Sanremo, Italy at age 75.

1899  Painter Alfred Sisley died in Moret-sur-Loing, France at age 59.

1956  American journalist H. L. Mencken died in Baltimore at age 75.

1963  Poet Robert Frost died in Boston at age 88.


January 30

-516   Construction finished on the Second Temple of Jerusalem.

1847  Yerba Buena, California was renamed San Francisco, California.

1860  Anton Chekhov was born in Taganrog, Russian Empire.

1882  Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born in Hyde Park, New York.

1948  Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated in New Dehli, India at age 78.


January 31

1606  Guy Fawkes was executed for plotting against Parliament and King James.

1848  John C. Frémont was court-martialed for mutiny and disobeying orders.

1862  Alvan Graham Clark discovered white dwarf star Sirius B, companion of Sirius.

1961  Ham the Chimp traveled into outer space aboard Mercury-Redstone 2.

2010  Avatar became the first film to gross over $2 billion worldwide.

2012  Dorothea Tanning died in Manhattan, New York at age 101.

January
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