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April 1 - APRIL FOOLS’ DAY - Saint Stupid’s Day Parade in San Francisco

1826  Samuel Morey patented the internal combustion engine.

1854  Charles Dickens’ novel Hard Times began serialization in his Household Words magazine.

1920  Toshiro Mifune was born in Tsingtao, China.


April 2

1513  Explorer Ponce De Leon sighted Florida and claimed it for Spain.

1725  Giacomo Casanova was born in Venice.

1792  Congress established the first U.S. Mint.

1800  Ludwig van Beethoven led the premiere of his First Symphony in Vienna.

1902  “Electric Theatre,” first full-time movie theater in U.S., Opened in Los Angeles.

1917  President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress to declare war against Germany.

1965  Rodney King was born in Sacramento, California.

1982  Falkland Islands War began between Argentina and the United Kingdom.


April 3

1860  The Pony Express began service between St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California.

1882  Jesse James shot dead in St. Joseph, Missouri by Robert Ford.

2000  Terence McKenna died in San Rafael, California at age 53.

2000  United States v. Microsoft Corp. - U.S. Court ruled that Microsoft had violated U.S. antitrust laws by keeping “an oppressive thumb” on its competitors.


April 4

1581  Francis Drake knighted for completing a circumnavigation of the world.

1721  Sir Robert Walpole became the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1768  Philip Astley staged first modern circus in London.

1928  Author-poet Maya Angelou was born in St. Louis, Missouri.

1965  Actor Robert Downey, Jr. was born in New York City.

1968  Martin Luther King, Jr. was shot to death in Memphis at age 39.

1973  The World Trade Center in New York City was officially dedicated.

1983  The Space Shuttle Challenger roared into orbit on its maiden voyage.


April 5

1595  John Wilson, English composer, lutenist and teacher was born in Faversham, Kent.

1614  Pocahontas married colonist John Rolfe.

1906  Lord Buckley was born in Tuolumne, California.

1922  American Birth Control League (Planned Parenthood forerunner) was incorporated.

1997  Allen Ginsberg died in New York City at age 70.


April 6 - NEW BEER’S EVE

1483  Raphael was born in Urbino, Italy.

1520  Raphael died in Rome at age 37.

1895  Oscar Wilde was arrested in the Cadogan Hotel, London, after losing a libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry.

1937  Merle Haggard was born in Oildale, California.

1973  American League of Major League Baseball began using the designated hitter.


April 7 - NATIONAL BEER DAY (United States)

 451  Atilla the Hun sacked Metz in Gaul.

1827  English chemist John Walker sold the first friction match (his invention).

1931  Seals Stadium opened in San Francisco.

1938  Edmund Gerald Brown Jr. (Jerry Brown) was born in San Francisco, California.

1991  Brent Hunter Nettell was born.


April 8

1730  Shearith Israel, the first synagogue in New York City, was dedicated.

1892  Mary Pickford born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

1904  In Egypt, Aleister Crowley transcribed the first chapter of The Book of Law.

1963  Julian Lennon was born in Liverpool, England.

1974  Hank Aaron hit his 715th career home run, breaking Babe Ruth’s record.


April 9

1454  The Tready of Lodi was signed.

1928  Satirical math guy Tom Lehrer was born in New York City.

1932  Carl Perkins born in Tiptonville, Tennessee.

1970  Paul McCartney announced official split of The Beatles.


April 10

1710  Statute of Anne, the first copyright law, entered into force in Great Britain.

1847  Joseph Pulitzer, who established the Pulitzer Prize, was born.

1878  The California Street Cable Railroad started service.

1925  The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald first published, Charles Scribner’s Sons.

1970  Paul McCartney quit The Beatles.

1998  Protestant and Catholic politicians in Northern Ireland reached an agreement aimed at ending 30 years of violence.

2019  Event Horizon Telescope project released the first ever image of a black hole.


April 11

1961  Bob Dylan’s 1st Greenwich Village appearance.


April 12

1945  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt died in Warm Springs, Georgia at age 63.

1955  Polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, was declared safe and effective.

1947  David Letterman was born in Indianapolis.


April 13

1743  Thomas Jefferson was born in Shadwell, Virginia.

1921  Margo Skinner was born in San Francisco.

1949  Christopher Hitchens was born in Portsmouth, England.

2018  Art Bell died on Friday the 13, the Kingdom of Nye, in Pahrump, Nevada at age 72.


April 14

1828  The first edition of Noah Webster’s American Dictionary of the English Language (ADEL) was published.

1865  President Abraham Lincoln was shot and mortally wounded by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C.

1927  The first Volvo car premiered in Sweden.

1939  The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck was first published by the Viking Press.

1941  Pete Rose was born in Cincinnati.

2002  Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez returned two days after military coup d’etat.

2003  The Human Genome Project was completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99%.


April 15

1865  President Abraham Lincoln died in Washington, D.C. at age 56.

1912  The luxury liner RMS Titanic sank in the North Atlantic at 2:20 a.m., Hours after striking an iceberg.

1924  Rand McNally’s first road atlas published.

2001  Joey Ramone died in New York City.

2002  Damon Knight died in Eugene, Oregon.

2019  Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris was extensively damaged by a fire.


April 16

1889  Charlie Chaplin was born in London.

1902  Tally’s Electric Theater, first full-time movie theater in the U.S., opened in Los Angeles.

1943  Albert Hofmann accidentally discovered the hallucinogenic effects of LSD.

1961  Cuban exiles financed and trained by the CIA landed at the Bay of Pigs in Cuba.

2010  Daniel Patrick Wilson died in Chimacum, Washington at age 44.


April 17

1397  Geoffrey Chaucer for the first time told The Canterbury Tales at the court of Richard II.

1790  Benjamin Franklin died in Philadelphia at age 84.

2016  Lisbeth Roessler died in Pleasant Hill, California at age 94.


April 18

1906  The Great San Francisco Earthquake and Fire.

1946  English actress Haley Mills was born.

1955  Albert Einstein died in Princeton, New Jersey at age 76.

1958  A United States federal court released poet Ezra Pound from an insane asylum.

2014  Gabriel Garcia Marquez died in Mexico City at age 87,


April 19

1782  John Adams secured the Dutch Republic’s recognition of the United States.

1943  Warsaw Ghetto revolt of Jews against Nazi SS troops began.

1943  Albert Hofmann first deliberately dosed himself with LSD and began to feel the effect as he rode home on his bicycle.

2012  Logan Daniel Farmer was born in Antioch, California.


April 20 - FOUR-TWENTY!

1657  Freedom of religion granted to the Jews of New Amsterdam (New York City).

1745  Philippe Pinel was born.

1912  Bram Stoker died in London at age 64.

1996  Christopher Robin Milne died in London at age 75.

2010  BP Deepwater Horizon explosion and oil spill, Gulf of Mexico.


April 21

-753   Romulus and Remus founded Rome.

1910  Mark Twain (Samuel L. Clemens) died in Redding, Connecticut.

1925  Manifesto of the Fascist Intellectuals was published in Il Mondo, establishing the foundations of Italian Fascism.

1926  Queen Elizabeth II of the U.K. was born.

1960  Brasilia, Brazil’s capital, was officially inaugurated at 09:30 hours.

1962  Century 21 Exposition–The Seattle World’s Fair opened.

1989  About 100,000 students gathered in Tiananmen Square to commemorate the Chinese reform leader Hu Yaobang.

2016  Musician Prince Rogers Nelson died in Chanhassen, Minnesota at age 57.


April 22 - EARTH DAY

1864  “In God We Trust” included on all newly minted U.S. coins by Act of Congress.

1970  The First Earth Day was celebrated in the United States.

1978  Will Geer, American actor, died in Los Angeles at age 76.

1979  Brent Mydland played his first gig with the Grateful Dead in San Jose, California.

1984  Photographer Ansel Adams died in Monterey, California at age 82.

2010  Daniel Patrick Wilson was buried in Juliaetta, Idaho.


April 23

 711  Dagobert III crowned King of the Franks.

1516  The Bayerische Reinheitsgebot was signed in Ingolstadt.

1564  William Shakespeare was born (traditional) in Stratford-upon-Avon, England.

1616  William Shakespeare died in Stratford-upon-Avon, England at age 52.

1635  Boston Latin School, the first public school in America was established in Boston.

1927  Cardiff City defeated Arsenal in the FA Cup Final (only time FA Cup has been won by a team not based in England).

1993  Cesar Chavez died in San Luis, Arizona at age 66.

2005  First ever YouTube video, titled “Me at the zoo,” was published by user “jawed.”


April 24

1558  Mary, Queen of Scots, was married to the Dauphin of France, François, at Notre Dame de Paris.

1766  Robert Bailey Thomas, founder of The Farmer’s Almanac[k] (later The Old Farmer’s Almanac), was born in Grafton, Massachusetts.

1800  The United States Library of Congress was established.

1863  The Port of San Francisco was established.

1953  Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.

2005  Roman Catholic Pope Benedict XVI (Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger) inaugurated.


April 25

1792  'La Marseillaise' (the French national anthem) composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle.

1874  Guglielmo Marconi was born in Bologna, Italy.


April 26

1900  Seismologist Charles Richter was born in Overpeck, Ohio.

1958  Daniel C. Nettell (Clephius J. Troll) was born.

1963  Li Lianjie (Jet Li) was born in Beijing.


April 27

1570  Roman Catholic Pope Pius V declared Queen Elisabeth I of England a heretic.

1996  Former head of CIA William Colby died in Rock Point, Maryland at age 76..

1998  Carlos Castaneda died in Los Angeles at age 72.

2002  Writer George Alec Effinger died in New Orleans at age 55.


April 28

1881  Billy the Kid escaped jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.

1930  First organized baseball night game was played in Independence, Kansas.

1945  Benito Mussolini and Clara Petacci shot dead by Walter Audisio, a member of the Italian resistance movement.

1947  Thor Heyerdahl and crew set out on the Kon-Tiki from Peru to Polynesia.

1950  Jay Leno was born in New Rochelle, New York.

1973  Pink Floyd’s The Dark Side of the Moon, recorded in Abbey Road Studios, went to number 1 in the U.S. Charts, beginning a record breaking 741-week chart run.

1969  French President Charles de Gaulle resigned.

2001  Dennis Tito became the world’s first space tourist.

2016  Casey Wilson, a German Shepherd dog, died at Top of the Hill in Martinez, California at age 10.


April 29

1863  William Randolph Hearst was born in San Francisco.

1901  Emperor Hirohito of Japan was born.

1933  Willie Nelson was born in Abbott, Texas.

1968  Hair opened at the Biltmore Theatre on Broadway in New York City.

1992  Rodney King riots erupted in Los Angeles.


April 30 - WALPURGISNACHT

1877  Alice B. Toklas was born in San Francisco.

1900  Engineer Casey Jones died in a train wreck in Vaughan, Mississippi.

1910  “Grandpa” Al Lewis was born in New York City.

1980  Secret Founding of the Gerard Baldwin Chapter, Legion of Dynamic Discord, in Pleasant Hill, California.  Members present included:  R. Hansch, D. Nettell, D. A. Wilson.  Hail Eris!  All Hail Discordia!

April
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