1854 Charles Dickens’ novel Hard Times began serialization in his Household Words magazine.
1725 Giacomo Casanova was born in Venice.
1792 Congress established the first U.S. Mint.
1800 Ludwig van Beethoven led the premiere of his First Symphony in Vienna.
1902 “Electric Theatre,” first full-
1581 Francis Drake knighted for completing a circumnavigation of the world.
1721 Sir Robert Walpole became the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1768 Philip Astley staged first modern circus in London.
1595 John Wilson, English composer, lutenist and teacher was born in Faversham, Kent.
1922 American Birth Control League (Planned Parenthood forerunner) was incorporated.
1937 Merle Haggard was born in Oildale, California.
1973 American League of Major League Baseball began using the designated hitter.
1827 English chemist John Walker sold the first friction match (his invention).
1938 Edmund Gerald Brown Jr. (Jerry Brown) was born in San Francisco, California.
1991 Brent Hunter Nettell was born.
1892 Mary Pickford born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
1454 The Tready of Lodi was signed.
1932 Carl Perkins born in Tiptonville, Tennessee.
1878 The California Street Cable Railroad started service.
1925 The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald first published, Charles Scribner’s Sons.
1970 Paul McCartney quit The Beatles.
1998 Protestant and Catholic politicians in Northern Ireland reached an agreement aimed at ending 30 years of violence.
2019 Event Horizon Telescope project released the first ever image of a black hole.
1955 Polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, was declared safe and effective.
2018 Art Bell died on Friday the 13, the Kingdom of Nye, in Pahrump, Nevada at age 72.
1927 The first Volvo car premiered in Sweden.
1939 The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck was first published by the Viking Press.
2003 The Human Genome Project was completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99%.
1924 Rand McNally’s first road atlas published.
1943 Albert Hofmann accidentally discovered the hallucinogenic effects of LSD.
1961 Cuban exiles financed and trained by the CIA landed at the Bay of Pigs in Cuba.
1397 Geoffrey Chaucer for the first time told The Canterbury Tales at the court of Richard II.
2016 Lisbeth Roessler died in Pleasant Hill, California at age 94.
1958 A United States federal court released poet Ezra Pound from an insane asylum.
1782 John Adams secured the Dutch Republic’s recognition of the United States.
1943 Warsaw Ghetto revolt of Jews against Nazi SS troops began.
1943 Albert Hofmann first deliberately dosed himself with LSD and began to feel the effect as he rode home on his bicycle.
2012 Logan Daniel Farmer was born in Antioch, California.
1657 Freedom of religion granted to the Jews of New Amsterdam (New York City).
1745 Philippe Pinel was born.
1996 Christopher Robin Milne died in London at age 75.
2010 BP Deepwater Horizon explosion and oil spill, Gulf of Mexico.
1925 Manifesto of the Fascist Intellectuals was published in Il Mondo, establishing the foundations of Italian Fascism.
1926 Queen Elizabeth II of the U.K. was born.
1960 Brasilia, Brazil’s capital, was officially inaugurated at 09:30 hours.
1962 Century 21 Exposition–The Seattle World’s Fair opened.
1989 About 100,000 students gathered in Tiananmen Square to commemorate the Chinese reform leader Hu Yaobang.
2016 Musician Prince Rogers Nelson died in Chanhassen, Minnesota at age 57.
1864 “In God We Trust” included on all newly minted U.S. coins by Act of Congress.
1970 The First Earth Day was celebrated in the United States.
2005 First ever YouTube video, titled “Me at the zoo,” was published by user “jawed.”
1558 Mary, Queen of Scots, was married to the Dauphin of France, François, at Notre Dame de Paris.
1800 The United States Library of Congress was established.
1863 The Port of San Francisco was established.
1953 Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
1958 Daniel C. Nettell (Clephius J. Troll) was born.
1570 Roman Catholic Pope Pius V declared Queen Elisabeth I of England a heretic.
1881 Billy the Kid escaped jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.
1945 Benito Mussolini and Clara Petacci shot dead by Walter Audisio, a member of the Italian resistance movement.
1947 Thor Heyerdahl and crew set out on the Kon-
1973 Pink Floyd’s The Dark Side of the Moon, recorded in Abbey Road Studios, went
to number 1 in the U.S. Charts, beginning a record breaking 741-
1969 French President Charles de Gaulle resigned.
2001 Dennis Tito became the world’s first space tourist.
2016 Casey Wilson, a German Shepherd dog, died at Top of the Hill in Martinez, California at age 10.
1901 Emperor Hirohito of Japan was born.
1968 Hair opened at the Biltmore Theatre on Broadway in New York City.
1877 Alice B. Toklas was born in San Francisco.
1980 Secret Founding of the Gerard Baldwin Chapter, Legion of Dynamic Discord, in Pleasant Hill, California. Members present included: R. Hansch, D. Nettell, D. A. Wilson. Hail Eris! All Hail Discordia!